Lumbar back pain: causes, treatment?

What should I do if my back is sore and the cause of this symptom is unknown? It can be caused by both normal sprains and cancer. Why lower back pain occurs, its causes, and how to treat it - learn more about it below.

Why does lower back pain occur?

Back pain, including lower back pain, can occur for a variety of reasons. We are basically talking about diseases that are conventionally divided into two groups:

  • congenital;
  • purchased.

The first group includes diseases related to the abnormal structure of the vertebra, namely:

  1. Appearance of cracks.
  2. The branches are abnormally shaped.
  3. The process is too short or too long.

It is not necessary to have such birth defects immediately. Doctors have repeatedly observed these changes are manifested by an acute pain sensation when bent down. These patients may encounter:

  • is ​​difficult to move.
  • has a problem with urination.
  • mental retardation.

These problems may be completely asymptomatic or are accompanied by acute pain with certain types of bends, difficulty walking, problems with urination, mental retardation.

The appearance of pain in the lower back can be due to neurological causes, namely:

  • lumbar necrosis;
  • a pinched nerve;
  • lumboischialgia;
  • multiple sclerosis.

With osteonecrosis that develops due to a sedentary lifestyle, prolonged pain occurs. This is due to overtraining of the muscles. But a pinched nerve is accompanied by a sudden sharp pain and a sharp pain.

If a sharp and sudden pain appears in the buttock, then such a symptom indicates atrophic changes of the sciatica. In this case, the doctor diagnoses a migraine. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune disease. It has the effect of destroying the sheath of nerve fibers not only of the spinal cord, but also of the brain. With it, pain can be in different locations and varying degrees - both acute and sudden, and pain in the lower back. This pathology is very difficult to treat.

Possible pain and soreness:

  • osteoporosis;
  • diverticulitis.

In the first case, the disease occurs due to lack of nutrients in the body. If the patient eats little calcium rich foods, or the metabolism is impaired, the patient may develop:

  1. Lumbar pain.
  2. Leg muscle cramps.
  3. Change positions.

Degenerative osteitis affects the elderly. With this disease, a purulent inflammatory process occurs in the sacroiliac joint, on its surface.

Bone tumors or spinal problems are one of the causes of pain in the lower back. But it must be emphasized that this disease is the most common cause of these symptoms. It can be of the following types:

  • cervix;
  • chests;
  • belts.

The latter is the most popular because the lower back is most stressed. Because it not only develops and develops back disease but also increases the risk of degenerative processes such as:

  • osteoarthritis;
  • osteoarthritis;
  • osteoporosis.

The first two diseases are generally considered identical, but this is false. In osteoarthritis, the inflammatory process occurs in one or more vertebral joints. But osteoarthritis is characterized by mechanical damage to the joint structure and damage to cartilage.

Osteoporosis refers to metabolic destruction changes that occur due to an imbalance in bone formation and resorption. As a result of this process, the structure of the bone changes. Its reconstruction led to the fact that the number of bones per unit bone volume decreased. This leads to the fact that bones become thinner, and sometimes some of its elements may completely dissolve. That is, calcium is removed from this bone much faster than calcium accumulates.

Diseases of other organs

Disease causing lower back pain

In some cases discomfort in the lumbar region can be the result of diseases of other organs and systems. As a result of these pathological processes, pain can be reflected. Its reasons are:

  1. Impaired bowel function.
  2. Occurrence of tumors in the gastrointestinal tract or uterus.
  3. The onset of hemorrhoids.
  4. Infection enters the genitourinary system.
  5. Development of complications after colds.

Previous flu, sore throat or SARS, if not treated properly, can cause unpleasant symptoms in the lower back.

Low back pain in women can also be caused by physiological changes, such as menstruation, pregnancy and childbirth. Strong weight gain in both women and men also increases the risk of low back pain. The same effect is from excessive physical activity when a person is unprepared trying to lift a lot of weight. The risk of lower back injury is especially high if you don't lift such a heavy object with your back arched.

Not only improper weight lifting, overweight and physiological changes lead to pain symptoms in the lower back. Excessive cooling of the body is the cause of the occurrence of pulp inflammation, manifested by a similar symptom. In this case, an inflammatory process occurs affecting the nerve roots.

The body's resistance is drastically reduced if being in cold humid air for a long time. As a result, immunity decreases, which is why infectious processes emerge and develop.


Sedentary lifestyle not only weakens the spine, increases the risk of injury, but is also a direct cause of various diseases.

the cause of back pain

Lack of required amount leads to blood stagnation, causing irreversible processes in cartilage tissue.

Ignoring the need to exercise regularly leads to the fact that any high intensity load becomes excessive. In such cases, it becomes the cause of muscle spasms, limiting the ability of certain parts of the spine to function, including the lumbar. The following cycle of nasty events begins:

  1. Back pain in the lumbar region.
  2. Muscle spasm occurs.
  3. Lower back pain worsens.

This process can take a long time, causing a lot of suffering for a person. But if your spine is persistent and severe in pain, you need to seek medical help.

But excessive physical activity also leads to processes that destroy the spine. For this reason, special attention should be paid in classes:

  • start up;
  • technical exercises
  • ;
  • steadily;
  • Moderation
  • .

Failure to do so results in unnecessary stress, which is a major cause of trauma, fracture, fracture, and muscle tension. This is especially true of strength sports, in which the body is subjected to strong dynamic loads and heavy weight training methods are used. These include:

  • ;
  • bodybuilding;
  • fighting;
  • the
  • box.

Punch, push, throw hard and fast - all of these increase the risk of back injuries and are often the reason why lower back pain occurs in men and women.

Poor diet

Snacks on the go, not enough meals and monotonous diet all contribute to not getting enough of the following nutrients:

A poor diet is the cause of back pain
  • calcium;
  • phosphorus;
  • fluorine.

These substances are the main building blocks of bone tissue. Their deficiency leads to its weakening.

If the body lacks these substances, nails and hair are the first areas to be affected. Hair was previously brittle and brittle, and it became hard and fell out. But if you pay attention to these undesirable phenomena and consult a specialist in time, more undesirable consequences can be avoided.

But even the consumption of these substances in the body in the required amount is not enough condition to prevent their deficiency. Their assimilation is provided due to the sufficient amount of vitamins. And if they are not enough, the body will less absorb all the other useful substances.

For this reason, you need to carefully monitor your diet according to the principle of providing all the necessary nutrients. This is especially true for women:

  • carrying a child;
  • are breastfeeding.

This also applies to women who are going through menopause.

Incorrect diet is the cause of intestinal and colon diseases. This is especially facilitated by too many fatty, high-calorie foods. As a result, there are diffuse pain in the lumbar region. Ulcers and gastritis can cause a feeling of tugging in the lower back.

The reason is in the nerve

Overwork, erratic schedules, lack of proper rest, constant stress - all of these have negative effects on all body systems. The man is quiet. This happened unconsciously, but the problem was that he was frequently in this position.

Too much exercise is the cause of back pain

Pathological processes in the spine are activated, including pain in the lumbar region.

If a person has chronic medical conditions, stressful situations, experiencing strong emotions can exacerbate these conditions. Do not think that this process is lengthy and takes years to cause any destructive changes at the physiological level.

Doctors strongly advise that you seek the help of a specialist if the loss of energy persists for 3-5 weeks.

Causes of differences in gender

It's not just pregnancy, lactation, and menopause are the main differences in the causes of back pain in men and women. Gender differences are also observed in factors that cause low back pain, in men the main causes include:

  1. Lifting weights.
  2. Prolonged exposure to cold.
  3. Dynamic load on the lower back.

There are several pathological processes, although they are found in both sexes, but more pronounced in one of them. Disc herniation usually occurs in men after age 40. With this pathology, the roots of the spinal cord are compressed.


  1. Paralysis, which increases in the upright position of the body and decreases in the supine position.
  2. Pain from butt to leg when coughing, laughing, or sneezing.
  3. When you bend and bend the lumbar spine, it hurts.
  4. Discomfort is worse when you straighten your legs while lying on your back.

Also, there may be the following causes of low back pain in men:

  1. The physiological state of the organism does not correspond to that.
  2. A pure male job involving prolonged exposure to cold and drafts.
  3. Prostatitis.
  4. Inflammation of the testicles.

In the last two cases, back pain is pervasive.

what diseases cause back pain

But spinal instability is the typical reason women experience lower back pain. Prolonged physical activity or in a standing position, accompanied by the appearance of fatigue, when you want to immediately lie down and rest - all these exactly indicate this disease. It can coincide with moderate obesity. With it, the following processes will happen:

  1. The disc is affected.
  2. The disc joint is destroyed.

It becomes difficult for the patient not to bend, but not bend, to perform additional movements. But in some cases, if the lower back hurts, the reason in the woman may be related to inadequate back muscle development.

For processes like pregnancy, which are unique to women, lower back pain in a pregnant woman is for a reason. Holding the baby, the body of the expectant mother gains weight rapidly. But the back muscles don't have time to respond to this load, which leads to discomfort.

Furthermore, due to the increased load on the lumbar spine, this can cause the emergence and development of various pathological processes in the intervertebral disc. So, doctors recommend that women should choose and use a special bandage already in 4–5 months of pregnancy. It is an excellent preventive against back pain and stretch marks.

The lower back can be painful in women before menstruation. During this period, pain appears in the lower abdomen with a reflective nature. This symptom is also observed in the inflammatory process, which is associated with gynecology. In this case, the woman feels pain or pulling pain, which can be given to the lower back area.


What to do if your lower back hurts? Given the number of reasons and the complexity of the processes in which this occurs, the only correct solution would be to contact a therapist. He listens and examines the patient, prescribes the necessary examination, then makes a diagnosis based on the overall symptoms.

The back pain specialist is allowed to be contacted immediately if back pain is due to a known cause, namely:

  1. Previous injury.
  2. Pregnant.
  3. Chronic illness.
Treatment of low back pain

Self-medication is also allowed, but only if the exact reason why back pain occurs and therapy is performed before visiting a doctor who has established or confirmed the diagnosis.

So if my back hurts the lower back, how should I treat it? For this can be used:

  • ointment;
  • injections;
  • starts up;
  • physical therapy exercises;
  • massage.

The use of ointments can eliminate back pain if the patient:

  • last;
  • inflammation
  • ;
  • had a cold in the back.

The following ointments can be used:

  1. Analgesic drug with anti-inflammatory effect.
  2. Irritant.
  3. Chondroprotectors to restore the surface of cartilage tissue.
  4. Combination drugs.

An injection instead of ointment can be used to improve the effectiveness of treatment if pain in the lower back. Active ingredient quickly enters the blood or muscle, thereby promoting the process of eliminating back pain. But the injection can be done as directed by the doctor and should only be done by the appropriate medical personnel.

Incubators are used if the patient has:

  • ;
  • stretched;
  • bone necrosis;
  • curvature
  • .

If a person with lower back pain uses a warm method that incorrectly identifies the cause, he or she may worsen his condition. For example, if your back pain is caused by an infection, warming up stimulates blood flow to the damaged tissue site, making your back more painful.

Physical therapy aims to strengthen the muscles of the spine, allowing you to correct wrong posture. It must be used as directed by a doctor. The research and development of a set of exercises takes place under the supervision of a specialist, and then it can be done independently at home. The main requirement is regular training.

Massage should be done by an expert who understands how to properly apply body treatments and why. It is done both in healthcare settings and at home. The following goals are achieved with the help of massage:

  1. Blood supply to the lumbar region is restored.
  2. Muscles become more elastic and flexible.
  3. Eliminates back pain in the lumbar region.
  4. Removes toxins that have accumulated in the tissues and muscles under the skin.

In addition, massage brings pleasant feelings and positive emotions, has a useful effect in the healing process.

In some cases doctors have to resort to surgery. This is especially true of disc herniation, which must be removed so as not to compress the nerve roots.

If your lower back still hurts during therapy, your doctor will tell you what to do again. After additional research, he will adjust the prescribed treatment. Eliminate self-medication in such cases.

The easiest way to prevent low back pain is to sleep on a hard mattress. In this case, you need to place a small pillow under your knee. In this position, the muscles near the vertebrae are well relaxed. But you do not need to stay in this position for long, otherwise these muscles will weaken, negatively affecting the condition of the vertebrae.