Back pain - what to do?

the cause of back pain

Back pain can occur at any age but is more common from 35 to 55. Spine pain relates to the way our bones, muscles, disc, ligaments, tendons, and nerveswork.

Spinal pain can be caused by problems with the vertebrae, the disc between them, the ligaments surrounding the spine and disc, the spinal cord and nerves, the back muscles, internal organs in the abdomen, andPelvic. Upper back pain can also be caused by aortic disease, tumors in the chest, and spondylitis.

Risk Factors

The presence of risk factors increases the likelihood of developing a particular condition. Obesity, for example, significantly increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

The following factors are associated with an increased risk of back pain:

  • office work;
  • work involves constant stress;
  • pregnancy - pregnant women often experience back pain;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • age;
  • depression;
  • obesity / overweight;
  • smoking
  • ;
  • heavy exercise;
  • did hard physical labor.

Signs and Symptoms of Back Pain

A symptom is what the patient experiences, while a symptom can be noticed by the doctor. For example, pain is a symptom while the rash is a symptom.

The main symptom of spinal pain is pain anywhere in the back. Sometimes the pain spreads down the buttocks and legs or up the shoulders and arms.

You should contact a doctor immediately if spinal pain is accompanied by any of the following:

  • lose weight;
  • high temperature (fever);
  • back pain that doesn't get better with rest;
  • pain spreading down the leg;
  • pain below the knee;
  • presence of a new spinal injury;
  • primary uncontrolled (even a small part);
  • symptoms of back pain
  • Difficulty urinating - difficulty urinating;
  • stools - loss of control of bowel movements;
  • genital numbness;
  • numbness in the anus;
  • numb buttocks.

Seek expert advice if you are in one of the following categories:

  • people under 22 or over 55 years old;
  • patient has been on steroids for several months;
  • cancer patient;
  • patient has ever had cancer;
  • patients with low immunity.

What causes back pain

The human spine is a complex structure consisting of muscles, ligaments, tendons, discs and bones. The discs sit between each pair of vertebrae and function to absorb friction. Problems with any of these ingredients can lead to back pain. In some cases, the cause of the pain cannot be determined.


The most common causes of spinal pain are:

  • muscle tension;
  • ligament dilation;
  • lifts a heavy object in the wrong position;
  • lifts an object that is too heavy;
  • is ​​the result of a sudden and awkward movement;
  • muscle spasm
  • .

Structure Problems

The following structural problems can lead to back pain:

  • convex disc.The outer shell of the disc is ruptured, causing the interior to bulge outwards. This can lead to a pinched nerve and, as a result, pain;
  • herniated disc- bulges the contents of the disc in large size;
  • sciatica- acute and diffuse pain to the buttocks and back of the leg, due to bulging or herniation of the disc, compression of the nerve;
  • What to do with back pain
  • Arthritis- Patients with osteoarthritis often experience problems with the hip joint, lumbar spine, knee and arm. In some cases, spinal stenosis can occur because the space around the spinal cord is narrowed;
  • abnormally curvature of the spine- If the spine is abnormally curled, the patient is more likely to experience spinal pain. An example of an abnormal curvature is scoliosis, in which the spine is bent to one side;
  • osteoporosis- bones, including vertebrae, become fragile and spongy, increasing brittle fracture.

Here are some other causes of spinal pain:

  • equina cauda syndrome- cauda equina is a bundle of nerve roots to which the spinal cord branches. People with cauda equina syndrome experience dull pain in the lumbar spine and buttocks. There may also be loss of sensitivity in the buttocks, genitals, and thighs. Sometimes people with cauda equina syndrome experience incontinence and / or stools;
  • spinal cancer- a tumor in the spine that can compress nerves, resulting in pain;
  • spinal infection- if the patient has a high body temperature and a hot, painful area in the back, this could be a sign of a spinal infection;
  • other infections- Pelvic inflammatory disease in women and bladder and kidney infections can also cause back pain;
  • Sleep Disorders- People with sleep disorders are more likely to have spinal pain than in the general population;
  • shinglesis ​​an infection that can affect nerves;
  • inappropriate mattress- if the mattress does not support certain parts of the body and is not posing evenly on its back, there is a risk of back pain.

Certain movement or position of the body, such as driving for long periods, coughing, etc. v. , can also cause spinal pain.

What to do with back pain

If you have spinal pain for a few days, the following tips will help you relieve pain and discomfort and speed up recovery:

How to cure back pain
  • is ​​always as active as possible;
  • take over-the-counter pain relievers when needed;
  • use hot and cold compresses. A hot water bottle or a bag of frozen vegetables will do the trick.

While it can be difficult to stay optimistic when you are in pain, try not to lose yourself. This will speed up the healing process.

If you have spinal pain that persists for six weeks, see your doctor. The doctor will collect a medical history, conduct an examination and, if necessary, send it for further research. Your doctor may order an X-ray if you suspect that there are bone problems or osteoarthritis, CT (computed tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) if you suspect disc herniation or any otherany other soft tissue or nerve problems. In such situations, the MRI is the best option. Your doctor may also recommend doing some laboratory tests or measuring nerve electrical activity (EMG).

Once the diagnosis is complete, the doctor will prescribe the treatment. For most cases, conservative treatment should suffice, which may include:

  • special exercises;
  • reflexology
  • ;
  • pulls the spine;
  • massage.

In severe cases the question of how to proceed with surgery may arise. The surgeon will help you choose the right method, as well as advise on possible complications. For some time after surgery, prophylaxis of the spine is recommended. Remember that spinal surgery is quite dangerous, as the surgical site is located right near the nerve.