Spinal tumors is a degenerative-dystrophic disease characterized by damage to the joint surface, disc, muscle-ligaments. The disease has a chronic course and has many serious consequences.
The therapeutic effect in osteonecrosis is complex. Timely diagnosis of the disease is crucial - the earlier treatment is started, the higher the likelihood of a positive result. It is almost impossible to reverse degenerative processes, but you can stop them in the early stages. Advanced bone necrosis can lead to bulging eyes, disc herniation, and neurological problems.
General information about the disease
Osteoporosis is the most common disease of the spine and one of the most common human conditions diagnosed of all existing diseases. This disease can be viewed as a kind of karmic retribution for us humans because of the upright posture and the benefits of civilization. In animals, bone necrosis does not occur, since their spine is horizontal.
If you have recurrent or frequent back pain, in 75-80% of cases it is a manifestation of bone necrosis.
In the thoracic region, degenerative changes develop less frequently than the sacral region and the cervix in the back. Usually, bone necrosis of the chest area occurs after 40 years. Pathogens are excessive stress on the spine and an inactive lifestyle. In the latter case, the blood circulation and nutrition of the cartilage and bone structure are disturbed, leading to their gradual degeneration.
In recent decades, doctors have noted the widespread "rejuvenation" of the disease. Osteochondrosis is diagnosed even in people aged 25-30 years, is involved in changes in the ecological state of the planet, as well as the nature of the diet and lifestyle of modern people. Having your own car, office work, preferring passive computer rest over activity - all of these factors do not contribute to the health of the musculoskeletal system.
The danger of thoracic necrosis (and any other case) is that the tissues of the disc are almost irreversible: this means that segments are affected by degenerative changes. Chemical and dystrophy will be slowly but irreversibly damaged. The goal of treatment for osteonecrosis is to prevent the destruction of soft and hard tissues and to minimize the risk of complications.
Characteristics of thoracic necrosis
Chest bone tumors negatively affect a person's ability to positively move. The progression of the disease is also accompanied by compression of nerve endings of the spinal cord, which inevitably affects the functional state of internal organs. In advanced clinical situations, thoracic necrosis causes heart failure, difficulty breathing.
The chest area is characterized by low mobility; the load on it is not as large as on the neck and lower back. Anatomically, the thoracic vertebrae are connected to the ribs and sternum and together exhibit a sedentary and strong structure, protected from damage and external influences. For this reason, bone necrosis of the breast rarely manifests itself in an early stage. A similar situation determines the relative rarity of the diagnosis of a "thoracic tumor". .
The causative factors of the disease are usually trauma, posture disorder, scoliosis and other anatomical disorders. Signs of bone necrosis in the thoracic region appear quite late, usually in the stage of pinching nerve roots.
How do breast fibroids manifest?
The first manifestation of the disease is pain between the shoulder blades. Pain that increases with exertion or, conversely, occurs in the morning after a long period of in one position. Usually, pain travels along the intercostal nerve and occurs when sneezing, coughing, and running fast.
May be painful in the heart area, reminiscent of angina and manifestations of heart failure. The similarity of symptoms to heart disease often leads to misdiagnosis. Sometimes the symptoms resemble signs of cystitis, ulcers or gastritis. To determine the true cause of pain manifestations, it is necessary to undergo a complete clinical diagnosis.
Other signs of breast bone necrosis, other than pain:
- Neurological symptoms - a feeling of "goosebumps" on the skin of the chest and abdomen;
- Numbness of the skin, decreased sensitivity;
- Disorders of the heart, pelvic organs (with spinal cord compression development);
- Intercostal pain - pain in the ribs when transitioning to the sternum (develops in the form of convulsions and often initiates weight lifting, hypothermia, stress);
- Back pain - stiffness and pain with inhalation / exhalation;
- reflex muscle tension (the body tries to relieve pain symptoms by physiological immobility of the affected spine).
The longer the disease, the more pronounced its symptoms. It is important not to try to get rid of pain with pain relievers and other drugs, but to determine their cause by clinical methods. Self-medication for osteonecrosis, at best pointless and worst, dangerous and full of complications.
Cause of disease
Doctors do not fully understand the mechanism that triggers tissue degeneration. It is thought that osteonecrosis causes an incorrect distribution of load on the vertebrae with a weak muscle in the back. Cases that increase the likelihood of onset of the disease have been clarified in detail.
Key influencing factors:
- Low motion (sedentary work, prone to passive rest);
- Excessive workload;
- Injury to the spine;
- Poor nutrition;
- Curvature of the spine;
- Poor posture, poor labor hygiene;
- Metabolic pathology;
- Age-related dystrophic processes in tissues;
- Exposure to constant vibration (eg when working with a jackhammer);
- Flat feet;
- Wearing high heels;
- Infectious diseases.
At risk are athletes, handlers, truck drivers, builders, and office workers. Most often, the disease has a multifactorial nature - a combination of several internal and external factors leads to its development.
The widespread opinion that bone necrosis develops due to "salt deposition" is scientifically imprecise. Calcification of disc, cartilage does indeed occur in degenerative spinal diseases, but this is not the underlying cause but the consequence of the pathology.
Discovery of a disease begins with an initial examination of the patient, looking at information about the patient's symptoms, lifestyle, the nature of their diet, and associated illnesses. Perform palpation of the affected area.
The following diagnostic procedures are specified:
- General clinical analysis of blood and urine;
- Ultrasound, MRI and CT;
- A spinal scan is the introduction of contrast into the spinal canal to study its structure.
The most specified method of diagnosis is X-rays. X-rays targeting specific segments of the spine are usually done. The pictures show atrophy of the disc (a decrease in their thickness), the presence of osteoporosis - the growth of bones, a change in the shape of the spine.
To rule out other conditions with similar symptoms, it may be necessary to consult a cardiologist, gastroenterologist and other specialists (and appropriate studies -electrocardiogram, gastroscopy). Primary treatment is performed by an orthopedist or a chiropractor - a specialist in spinal diseases.
Modern methods of treating breast bone tumors
Treatment starts with identifying the root cause of the disease. If the infection is an infection, then use antibiotics, if the muscles are weak, use strength-strengthening measures. Usually, treatment is outpatient, except in cases with a difficult clinic.
The main goal of treatment is to minimize degenerative processes and their consequences. Each specific case needs to prepare a separate treatment regimen, including drug exposure, physical therapy techniques and rehabilitation methods. They mainly practice conservative therapy, and rarely require surgical intervention.
Experienced physicians will never base treatment on either the particular method or the complete effect of the medication. Treatment of spinal disease with pain relievers is an approach that does not have a therapeutic point of view and is an indication of an unprofessional approach. However, it is not possible to completely do without drugs - especially in the acute phase of the disease.
The following classes of drugs are used:
- Anti-inflammatory drugs;
- A muscle relaxant to reduce spasm;
The drug is used mainly in the early stages of treatment. They relieve acute pain, eliminate inflammation (if present) and stimulate metabolic processes. Most often, drugs are used externally (in the form of an ointment), less often - inside in the form of tablets. Even less often, it is necessary to inject into the affected area - this method is called a "novocain blockade".
Physical therapies play a leading role in degenerative thoracic degenerative diseases. These methods eliminate pain, inflammation and restore nutrition to affected tissues. Hardware and other exposure methods used:
- Laser treatment;
- Magnetic therapy;
- Amplipulse therapy;
- Exposure to ultrasonic waves;
- Balneotherapy (water treatment);
- Paraffin therapy;
- Mud therapy;
- Hypothermia - cryotherapy;
- Electrophoresis and phonophoresis.
The advantage of physiotherapy is sheer safety. This method has no contraindications for health reasons. The proficient application of physical techniques brings therapeutic effects even in the most difficult cases.
Independent physiotherapy method - acupressure: impact the acupuncture points on the body. The most famous method of acupressure is acupuncture. Detoxification and reflexology are also performed. It has been shown that an authoritative effect on certain areas activates the self-healing mechanism, eliminating pain.
Exercise therapy is an approach used to treat osteonecrosis and prevent complications. Set of individually selected physics exercises. The goal of exercise therapy is to reduce the pressure on the nerve roots, strengthen the ligaments and muscles, and prevent bulging eyes and hernia.
The fitness complex should be done under the guidance of a qualified trainer or with strict adherence to safety rules. Overactive muscles are dangerous, so exercise must come with rest.
Osteoporosis massage has the same goals as physical therapy and exercise - relieving pain, improving muscle-ligament function and stimulating blood circulation. Competent professional massage improves the nutrition of soft tissues and cartilage, accelerates the regeneration process. Allowed to use mechanical devices - applicators, electric massagers and rollers.
Osteopathy is a unique type of manual therapy. This method involves a specialist performing diagnostic and therapeutic manual manipulations. This massage is distinguished by its softness and physiology. Osteopathy eliminates tissue damage and is not limited to age.
The main principles of diet therapy for osteonecrosis: balance, presence of all necessary trace elements, vitamins, reduction in calories. Another important criterion is the presence in the menu of products responsible for the synthesis of cartilage tissue in the body. These compounds are called mucopolysaccharides: the largest amount of these substances is found in jelly meat, jelly, aspic-containing dishes.
In modern clinics, thoracic tumor surgery is extremely rare. Surgery may only be needed if complications arise in the form of persistent lens syndrome. Intervention may be prescribed for the development of convex and hernia.
Prevention is much easier than long-term, sometimes long-term therapy. Prevention of bone necrosis should be exercised from childhood. Degeneration is prevented by: correct posture, dosing on the spine, following safety precautions for sports, nutritional balance, sleeping on the flatest surface. It is important to promptly detect the first signs of illness and strictly follow your doctor's recommendations.