If you have pain in the lower back: how to treat it and what to do

causes of back pain in the lumbar region

Most people over the age of 20 have back pain in the lower back. The cause of the pathology can be very different. But regardless of why the lower back hurts, treatment is needed. To do this, you should consult your doctor and report back pain. Symptoms may be supplemented by other signs of the development of the disease.

Back pain is divided into primary and secondary. The main symptoms indicate degenerative and dystrophic processes in the spine. The main causes of the syndrome include fibrosis of the spine and osteonecrosis.

The causes of secondary syndrome can be tuberculosis, scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, rheumatoid arthritis, and others. What is special about the side signs is that they can arise even as a result of gynecological diseases.

Important!A qualified specialist should make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment.

First of all, you need to understand that low back pain can only be dealt with by synthetic methods. Using the drug alone will not completely prevent the pathological process. For complete recovery, it is necessary to undergo a process of physical therapy. You can increase the effectiveness of therapy with simple folk methods. A prerequisite for lower back pain treatment is exercise therapy. Back pain is treated both at home and in hospital.

Drug therapy

With severe and constant pain in your back, there's nothing you can do without medicine. For pain relief, a specialist may prescribe a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug.

You can relieve pain by using:

  • tablets;
  • injections;
  • Ointment
  • .

Muscle relaxants located in a drug treatment complex. Drugs of this group help to reduce spasms in the muscles of the lower back, as well as relieve pain. The drug can be in the form of tablets and injections.

When treating back pain, doctors have to prescribe B vitamins, which are known to cause inflammation of nerve fibers. When taking vitamins, nerve tissues are strengthened.

Pay attention!NSAIDs are effective at relieving pain, but do not stop the course of the disease.


exercise to cure back pain

Lumbar pathologies that cause pain must be treated with complex exercise therapies specifically designed for the lumbar spine. Gymnastics include exercises that reduce muscle tone, strengthen joints, and restore all disordered metabolic processes in damaged tissues. Should conduct daily classes. Here are some simple exercises:

  1. In a standing position, legs shoulder width apart, leaning to the right, lifting left hand above head, repeat the tilt movement in opposite direction.
  2. In the same position, do one at a time, keeping your hips still.
  3. Walk on all fours, back up and head down. Then return to the starting position and repeat a few more times.

The first sessions are best performed under the supervision of a specialist to prevent further damage from worsening the patient's condition. Then, you can exercise yourself at home.

The intensity of the movements should increase gradually. The two movements must be performed calmly. Physiotherapy exercises should be combined with breathing exercises.

Very important!Do not exercise during exacerbations or when pain is severe.


Classic massage, recommended for many diseases of the spine, has a positive effect on the condition of injured tissues. But the benefits of massage can only be achieved if it is done properly. Therefore, you should not massage yourself or trust someone with no relevant experience.

back pain massage

The masseur's improper actions could result in serious misconduct. Depending on all the rules of the massage technique, the patient's condition will change after a few sessions.

The result of a massage session is to normalize blood circulation, free from spasms and muscle aches.

Important!Like exercise therapy, massage should not be performed during an exacerbation or when there is strong pain.


Consolidation of results achieved in the fight against low back pain with drugs and other methods is carried out by physiotherapy procedures. The main task of physiotherapy is to stop the development of degenerative (dystrophic) processes that occur in the spine.

The following are most commonly recommended:

    laser treatment
  • ;
  • magnetotherapy;
  • electrophoresis
  • ;
  • Ultrasound therapy
  • .

Non-standard physiotherapy methods may also be prescribed:

    Thermal process
  • ;
  • covered with mud;
  • therapy;
  • Paraffin wax applications
  • .

Physiotherapy has a number of contraindications. In this regard, it is not advisable to self-treat without the prescription and permission of the specialist. Adequate treatment is required.

Attention!Physiotherapy is defined by the doctor who is observing the patient, not the patient himself. Home physiotherapy is dangerous to health.

Alternative Medicine

Many people with back pain use alternative medicine. This does not mean that all methods are effective and safe, however, there are treatments that actually yield positive results.

Manual therapy for back pain

Popular manual therapy for the elimination of pathological processes in the spine. The peculiarity of the procedures lies in that all the actions are performed by the hands of a therapist trained in special techniques. The chiropractor can correct even the incorrect position of the vertebra or compression of the nerve fibers. The results of manual therapy are rapid and complete recovery of spinal function and pain relief.

Some experts advise patients to perform manual procedures and acupuncture. These methods are recognized in mainstream medicine. Therapy must be performed by a qualified and experienced physician.

Acupuncture involves acting on nerve and muscle fibers using special needles. Acupuncture is often used to treat back pain. Acupuncture can be combined with the use of medications or exposing the body to a magnetic field (laser beam).

Important!The alternative medicine approach has many potential risks, so it is important to ensure that there are no contraindications and expertise.

Folk recipe

Treatment with folk remedies is no less than medical therapy. But not many people know how to cure low back pain at home. There are many recipes, but not all of them are effective.

For pain relief and inflammation relief, plant and animal products with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties are required.

Chestnut ointment

The ointment is formulated with the addition of horse chestnut with a positive effect. To make the ointment you need:

Folk remedies for back pain
  • ground chestnuts (100 grams);
  • vegetable fat (100 grams);
  • camphor oil (10 ml).

All ingredients are mixed and applied to the lower back. You should do this twice a day until the painful sensations go away.

Cologne Scrub

Rubbing with three-size fragrances can help treat back pain. To grind you need:

  • fragrances;
  • iodine vials;
  • valerian alcohol;
  • dried red chili.

All the above ingredients were combined and emphasized for three days, after which the lower back was rubbed with the resulting mixture. It is better to check in at night.

Important!Before starting treatment with folk remedies, you must be sure that there are no contraindications.

Treating diseases of the spine is much more difficult than it is to prevent it. With adherence to preventive measures against diseases of the spine and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, pain in the lower back may not occur at least until old age.