Cervical osteochondrosis.

cervical osteochondrosis

Neck pain is an alarm signal. It's probably the stress I just take it easy. But what if the pain of degenerative disease is a disk cervical spine? It is important to carefully consider a symptoms, treatment, because of complications can affect the most important organ — the brain.

What is the cervical osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine degenerative disease, a bone, cartilage system, a test. This leads to the destruction of the cervical intervertebral disc, an in growth of the bone tissue of a vertebra, the formation of outgrowths on a surface.

The cervical spine a week for vertebrae, the first of which put a skull. Anatomical, functional unit of the spine the spinal-motor segment. Joint complex It is, that moves the spine. The complex of two vertebrae, intervertebral disc, articular surfaces of a vertebra (facets), nerves, ligaments, or muscles.

Osteochondrosis begins with damage to the intervertebral disc, affecting the surrounding tissues. Finally, a process will lead to violation of biomechanics of a spine as a whole. The development of low back pain can be herniated discs, compressed nerve roots, and blood vessels.

Pathological processes in an inter-vertebral disk is subjected to four stages: malnutrition, weakening of the ligaments, the damage to a disc, and the compression of the nerves.

osteochondrosis of the cervical
  • 1. section. Violation of conditions of nutrition, metabolism of the intervertebral disc. Because of a specificity of a structure, drive, the question is this only while driving. If not, start the degenerative tissue changes: a disk is starving, dehydrated. Loss of water leads to the fact that you don't know the disc of the tasks of a depreciation. The load of a ring road increases, the cracks and fractures. A point This could be because of some minor pain.
  • 2. section. The second stage is a weakening of the ligamentous device is a vertebral-motor segment. A connection is abnormally mobile. A pathological process is a disc aggravated begins with a herniated disc (the descent) — the leak, the nucleus pulposus crack through a ring of fibrous. Pain will be regular.
  • 3. section. Next, a damaged intervertebral disc finally. Purpose of a a disc outer ring road. The resulting hernia may interfere with the nerve roots. Inflammation develops. This is manifest, aggravation of the pain, the so-called radiculáriszt syndrome.
  • 4. section. The fourth phase, the lesions affecting the surrounding tissue. Possible compression of the root of the artery, which is insufficient blood supply to the spinal cord. At the end of the part of the spine completely obezbijede.

The first signs of the main symptoms

The beginning of a development of osteochondrosis is a unpleasant neck Class a feeling of restriction of movement, the pain in the neck. This is often ignored.

Over time, the pain have become aching, burning, headache, neck, shoulder, shoulder maybe the way out of artery and vertebral syndrome. Or The artery showdown spazmiruyutsya, blood flow is disturbed.

The 1-2 stages of degenerative cervical disc disease often ocular problems associated with spasm of blood vessels. The point in his eyes, the glitter, the appearance of spots, colored spots before your eyes — it's just the symptoms of a degenerative disc disease.

The most common symptom of cervical degenerative disc disease:

  1. Migraines, dizziness, nausea, coughing.
  2. Hearing loss, ear pain, face.
  3. Movement disorders in the hands, feet. You may be sensitivity of the skin area of the head.
  4. A pain, a arm. If the nerve root, then the entire area in which send impulses may be, that are sensitive to "fall out".

In addition to the above symptoms, there are three main pain syndrome related to degenerative disease disk cervical spine. A syndrome is a complex of symptoms. Still pain syndrome is important, because the whole system the treatment is based in removing pain. But, to eliminate, without the origin, it's impossible.

  • Myofascial syndrome is a pain, a skeletal muscles and adjacent fascia. Violations overload, in which a van spasm, hypertonicity, painful knots within muscles (trigger points).
  • Radiculáriszt syndrome — pain caused by prolonged compression of the spinal nerves. A process of a hernia development of the spine osteochondrosis pinching of the nerve fibers, as well as a response to subsequent inflammatory. The pain spread along the nerve.
  • Facet syndrome — pain in the spinal joints. The vertebra the second cervical vertebra, joint appendices, which together dugootockom (facet) joints. Inter-vertebral Osteochondrosis collapse drives, their height decreases, and this is a fact that a joint capsule bootastic joints constant voltage. That's what's causing the pain. The pain increases, that in the end a little bit, especially with a prolonged forced situation.

Cause a degenerative disease of a disk cervical spine

One of the most important causes of degenerative disc disease is a high unable spinal vertical load. Human ancestors walked on four legs like other mammals. They don't suffer from osteoarthritis, because a horizontal body position on intra disc pressure is two times smaller than the vertical. By the standards of evolution, the transition to bipedalism took place, not long ago, a spinal is simply no time to adapt high vertical load. With a vertical posture ember acquired diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

Vulnerable the neck makes it a structure. Cervical spine consists of seven small vertebrae movable, who articulated children between the type of pyramid. Design hard This is a call, a sustainable out of dormancy. By the way muscle testing in this area is weak, the abundance of tall — all in one neck vulnerable. Any injury it's full of consequence. Even then, if another part of a damage a spine, the redistribution of a load may be the cause of lower back pain.

Another factor is translated. The formation of a skeleton and cartilage ends 21 years, and thereafter one will begin an irreversible aging process (degeneration). A cartilage nutrition, a due only to the diffusion, if the intervertebral disc loses nutrients, start gradually deteriorate.

In addition, the development of degenerative cervical disc disease contribute to:

  1. Autoimmune diseases. They are involved in a pathological process of destruction of cartilage own cells.
  2. Infections, hormonal insufficiency, slowing down the metabolism, ezek circulatory disorders, that may be a factor in the development of osteoarthritis.
  3. The sedentary lifestyle, the working conditions under which most of the time a person spends in a forced static posture.
  4. High load, which can damage compression.
  5. Errors with a genetic buy nature associated with weakness of the musculoskeletal system, the inadequacy of a cartilage.

The spinal canal, a cervical spine is very narrow, so the high load, or any violation of injury to a spinal nerve compression. And this is very dangerous.

In addition, this area is home to many nerve endings and blood vessels. A blood flow If you stop to have a high book publisher in the amount, it could have been a stone.


A mode of diagnosis of cervical degenerative disc disease the doctor collects the medical history of the patient. Found out, it hurts, what intensity, under load, or the other, when one hurts more if it had been any injuries to the cervical spine.

During the audit, the neck, the doctor feels the neck vertebrae and the muscles, lymph nodes; assessment of range of motion, eliminates or confirms radiculáriszt syndrome.

Then, to the exclusion of autoimmune disease, order laboratory diagnostics: general blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, rheumatoid factor, HLA-B27.

The main role of a diagnosis given the x-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging.

  • Rentgenografija helps to assess the status of the bony structures, soft tissues, cartilage, the images are not displayed. Visualize That ezek a structures contrast injection angiography, discography, myelography.
  • Computed tomography (CT). This is a method used the principle of x-ray, but the computer processing is possible, in order that the images are a series of longitudinal and transverse sections, showing bone, cartilage tissue.
  • The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The "gold standard" in the diagnosis of diseases, including the cartilage, soft tissue. MRI will give you an idea, it's not just the structure of organs and tissues, but also a functioning. In the case degenerative disease is a common disk disk complication of the spine herniation. MRI can diagnose the process of a hernia formation at an early stage.


Treatment of a degenerative disease is a disk cervical spine is reduced to conservative methods. Initially, relieve the pain, and then assigned to the different treatments. But in the extreme case, if still the pain persists for more than three works, and drug the drugs don't help, the only way out of the surgery.

Bezoperatsionnye treatments

Osteochondrosis hit a bone, cartilage system is not a year, so a treatment takes time. You need to be patient. Objectives of conservative treatment:

  1. To eliminate the pain.
  2. Remove the inflammation.
  3. To restore the function in a spinal cord roots.
  4. To strengthen the muscles and ligaments.

Conservative treatment includes drug therapy, physical therapy. The drugs help to relieve the pain in the period of exacerbation, and a physical therapy — start-healing processes under investigation.

During severe pain radiculáriszt syndrome, performing the so-called "blockade": a drug is injected in direct proximity to the inflamed nerve root of the spinal nerves.

Physiotherapy treatment is based on a natural, you don't mind, an artificial re-physical factors: the cold, heat, electrical power, magnetic radiation, and others. Them Again created, special machines, fixtures, hand techniques.

  • Therapy — biological processes of activating regeneration of inter-vertebral discs. A test you start to repair itself.
  • Plasma therapy (PRP therapy) — the injection of plasma isolated blood of the patient. Plasma platelet-rich growth factors, hormones. After The injection increases the local immunity, run the regeneration.
  • Acupuncture — a stimulation of nerve endings with special needles. It improves the metabolism in the affected areas, to relieve the pain.
  • Shock wave therapy — a effect, a high-frequency waves. Allows you to start natural processes of recovery.
  • Physiotherapy — therapy by movement. Can be active (physical therapy), the mind is a passive (massage, stretching). Physical therapy strengthens the back muscles, stretching to relieve the tension pain. This is chosen based on the individual patient.
  • Chiropractic and massage is a soft tissues of joints, to restore the balance of the body in the process. Back mobility and eliminate the pain.
  • Recording — applied to special spots on the skin in areas where there is a need to affect a stretch receptor in muscle compression. Do you know how to relax and strengthen the toes.

The patient the period of acute pain relief of a spinal we recommend that you wear special bandages, collar on his neck.

A positive effect of a conservative, available treatment 2-3 art. If there is no result, the patient is recommended the surgery.

Surgical treatment for degenerative disc disease

The operation in the case where a disk cervical degenerative disease is an extreme measure, which requires that special signs. A surgery is recommended if:

  1. The pain cannot be removed for a therapeutic treatment more than 3 works.
  2. I have a herniated disc.
  3. You lose feeling in the limbs

Post-operative rehabilitation, it takes time, it may include a therapeutic treatment.

Cervical osteochondrosis is a complex degenerative disease. It can be Not treated. Such a serious disturbance of the musculoskeletal system can lead to the disability. Neck pain can become a chronic lower back pain to spread the fog more spine. Timely prophylaxis can prevent the development of this disease.


Preserve the health of That required for cervical spine daily physical activity. Nutrition of the intervertebral discs is started, it is then absolutely necessary. It is important that the load was optimal, regular.

If your work is connected with permanent stay in a static posture, periodic warm-up. Then at home, after a working day could be the time to lay on her back on a flat surface, tucked under a neck pillow. This method will help you to restore a curvature of a cervical spine, remove the muscle tension.

The prevention of the disease degenerative neck disc important the correct posture during sleep. If a man got up one morning pain in the neck, so the muscles time to rest, to recover.

Here you have to help the orthopedic pillow, which is chosen individually for 3-5 years.

A treatment should Not be delayed

Select the recovery program with the help of a doctor. He will assess the condition of the spine MRI images, misleading the probability that a absorption, options for a treatment.