Usually, after hard work or sports, a person notices that his arms and legs hurt. If such a condition is combined with extreme exercise or fatigue, the pain usually goes away after a few days. But it happens that such discomfort causes a person constant anxiety and it can appear regardless of physical activity. In this case, the soreness could be due to a serious health problem that requires treatment.
The appearance of joint pain - joint pain - can be observed against the background of general health. As a rule, pain sensations appear after excessive physical exertion and can be observed in pregnant women. Recently, complaints about joint pain in children due to the rapid development of the musculoskeletal system are increasing.
In other cases, joint pain is a symptom of some pathology, a signal of an inflammatory or destructive process, an autoimmune disease. For comprehensive treatment of the joints, it is important to identify the root cause of the onset of pain.
General description of the problem
Pain in the legs and arms is a fairly common phenomenon. Such a problem is usually not related to age, even children and adolescents often suffer from such feelings. In them, this is often associated with rapid development or increased exertion. And in adults, frequent limb pain can be caused by many different diseases.
Such soreness can come from any part of the limb. Usually, the feet on the legs are sore, because they are subjected to the greatest amount of pressure. Knees, calves, and hip joints may also be affected. On the hand, pain is localized mainly in the forearm and shoulder. But often such sensations occur in the hands, which prevent a person from performing normal work.
Bones, joints, and muscles may be sore. Often the problem appears due to impaired blood circulation and tissue nutrition. Sometimes discomfort is also transmitted through nerve fibers from other parts of the body. Such radiating pains can appear in diseases of the spine, myocardial infarction, renal or biliary colic. In this case, the pain appears to be on the right or left side, depending on which organ is affected.
Such aches and pains are usually mild, which people describe as aching, uncomfortable sensations. Pain may occur only with movement and subside with rest or bother a person continuously.
Note: if the pain is not related to physical activity or is accompanied by other symptoms, you should consult your doctor.
If left untreated, such pain can become chronic and lead to decreased performance or even disability. It is especially important to see a doctor if the pain in the limbs occurs at the same time as other symptoms. It can be fever, weakness, chills, nausea. Often this condition presents with serious medical conditions that require immediate treatment.
The most common cause of leg pain is common fatigue. Usually they appear the next day after exercising. But it could be after working in water, carrying heavy loads, general cleaning or outdoor activities. This usually happens in people who have not been physically trained.
Such pain is called krepatura. They don't just appear. Usually, the pain is the result of microscopic damage to the muscle fibers. If this happens frequently, they don't have time to heal and inflammation develops. As a result, the blood supply to the tissues can be disturbed, ischemia forms. Intense workouts can also lead to sprains and tears of muscles or ligaments. All of these factors usually cause pain that lasts 3-5 days. But the build-up of lactic acid in the muscles cannot be the cause of the pain that lasts so long, it goes away on its own in a few hours.
But there are more serious reasons for this problem. There are several groups of conditions that can cause pain in the legs and arms. They differ in the mechanism of formation and localization. But they have one thing in common, one of the symptoms is aching limbs.
What diseases can cause this symptom:
- pathology of blood vessels and veins, often of the lower extremities;
- infectious diseases;
- poisoning and other conditions that poison the body;
- inflammatory diseases of the joints, muscles, nervous tissues;
- degenerative joint and bone diseases;
- autoimmune diseases;
- Hormonal disorder;
Diseases of the blood vessels and veins are quite common. They occur in men and women of all ages. Usually it is varicose veins. At the same time, the legs ache, worse, convulsions may appear. Gradually, the varicose veins will become visible through the skin. With age, thrombophlebitis and thrombophlebitis are also common, symptoms can be severe sharp pain in one leg or arm. Atherosclerosis of the blood vessels can also cause blockage, which is the cause of painful sensations, mainly pressing or squeezing, which is aggravated with movement.
Less common vascular conditions include:
- wipe out endometritis;
- embolization of the main arteries;
- Raynaud's disease;
- arterial dysplasia.
In case of circulatory disorders, in addition to pain in the limbs, numbness, often appear the feeling of crawling, cold extremities. Weak muscles, swollen fingers, difficulty moving, and objects falling from the hand. If the small vessels of the extremities are affected, blue or purple spots may appear on the skin, and the fingernails turn blue.
Attention: it is especially dangerous if the pain in the left arm is accompanied by shortness of breath, weakness, heaviness in the chest. This could be a sign of a heart attack.
Pathologies associated with circulatory disorders include prolonged immobility. And this doesn't just happen with forced immobilization after trauma. Blood circulation can be disturbed by sitting for a long time in one position, for example, during a trip or when working sedentary.
Quite often, hands and feet ache due to viral diseases. Such sensations are considered a classic symptom of the flu. They are associated with the fact that to fight infections in the body, special substances are formed - prostaglandins. They cause an increase in temperature and pain. In addition, such pains may be associated with intoxication and fever accompanied by infectious diseases.
Usually, pain in the limbs occurs with influenza, SARS, bronchitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, rubella, chickenpox. Such sensations can be a symptom of borreliosis, botulism, paratyphoid, salmonella infection, cholera, and many parasitic diseases.
Binge drinking often causes pain in the muscles of the arms and legs. This is due to cell death, which occurs when poisons or toxins enter the body, for example, a large amount of alcohol, an overdose of certain drugs. This often happens with food poisoning. Pain in the limbs accompanied by nausea, abdominal pain, intestinal discomfort.
Intoxication also occurs with the bites of ticks, some other insects, and snakes. In this case, convulsions, allergic manifestations and respiratory depression may occur. And ticks often carry infectious diseases that first manifest as sore limbs.
People over 45 years old often have pain in the joints of hands and feet. Human limbs are constantly moving, so the joints are worn out. And with age, metabolism slows down, which negatively affects the condition of joint cartilage and other tissues. Therefore, diseases such as arthritis, dry joints, gout are often encountered. They can affect any joint of the extremities. With degenerative bone disease or spondylolisthesis, in addition to the spine, arms or legs may also be painful.
With all of these diseases, it hurts the joints of the hands and feet, the pain can spread to the muscles and other surrounding tissues. For example, osteoarthritis mainly affects the large joints. But you may feel pain in the adjacent bones and muscles. Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects the joints of the fingers. Pain doesn't just happen with movement. It can be felt even at rest, and can spread to the palms, wrists, and forearms.
In some diseases, the bones of the hands and feet are affected. At the same time, a person experiences painful sensations that make it impossible for him to lead a normal life. This occurs with osteomyelitis, osteomalacia, or osteoporosis. These conditions are associated with infection in bone tissue or calcium deficiency in bone tissue.
Pain in the muscles
This is the most common reason for such feelings. Muscle pain can appear when overworked, after injury, myositis. Under the influence of adverse external factors, the muscles become inflamed, ischemia sometimes occurs due to circulatory disorders. In this case, the so-called "trigger points" appear, that is, areas of increased pain. The pain can be sharp, weak, or sharp, intense. It is localized in one place or may spread to all limbs. This often leads to muscle weakness.
This condition is called myofascial pain syndrome. It can occur after more exertion, while usually the right leg or arm hurts more. The causes of pain can be uncomfortable shoes, abnormalities in the development of the skeleton, curvature of the spine, prolonged immobility after injury or illness. In addition, this condition often accompanies people of certain professions. For example, office workers, tailors, hairdressers suffer from pain in their right hand.
If myalgia occurs due to hypothermia or infection, this is myositis. The pathology is accompanied by quite severe pain. In this case, the temperature may rise, and the limbs may swell. Polymyositis is accompanied by weakness and fatigue.
The same pain can be a symptom of many other conditions. Weakness and pain in the limbs often occur with hypertension, sleep disturbances, and vegetative vascular dystonia. The causes of pain can be blood pathologies, endocrine pathologies, the development of malignant tumors.
Usually, such pain is caused by damage to nerve tissue. It could be neuroma, neuralgia or neuritis. Pain in the back of the thigh can be caused by sciatica, the wrist is often affected by the carpal tunnel.
When after examination, the doctor cannot find the cause of the pain and it persists for several months, the person may be diagnosed with fibromyalgia. This is a fairly common disease, but until now scientists have not been able to determine what its cause is. It is also difficult to diagnose the disease because neither the test nor the hardware diagnostics detect the disease. Only general symptoms allow us to talk about the prevalence of the pathology.
Fibromyalgia mainly occurs in women. It is believed that this is due to a decrease in pain threshold. The source of the problem lies in the brain. Usually, after severe stress, a person notices that his arm or leg hurts. This usually happens the next morning.
Basically, the discomfort is localized to the shoulder, elbow, hip, or knee. In addition to pain in muscles, ligaments and tendons, patients also experience weakness, reduced work performance, fatigue, impaired mood and memory. He often suffers from insomnia, depression, inability to relax, headaches.
Features of treatment
If your limbs start to hurt after exertion, you can alleviate the condition on your own. To do this, take a bath and relax. After a minor injury, ice should be applied to the injured area. Stress should be avoided for a few days, the pain will soon disappear.
But all this did not help, the pain persisted for several weeks and the patient did not know what to do to get rid of the discomfort. The best thing to do is to see your doctor and get tested. After all, it is only after knowing the cause of the pain in the limbs that the appropriate treatment can be selected.
Important: some people with such problems begin self-medicating with pain relievers or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. But besides the fact that they cause many side effects, they don't always help.
Only a doctor after an examination can determine how to treat the pathology. It depends on what is causing the pain, where they are, what their intensity is.
Usually, pain relievers or NSAIDs are used for treatment. For severe pain, the doctor may prescribe local anesthetic injections or corticosteroid injections.
In addition to these drugs, and in mild cases, external agents are used independently. This can be an ointment or gel based on NSAIDs, capsaicin, bee venom, essential oils. They have analgesic, warming and distracting effects, help relieve muscle spasms and improve blood circulation.
The composition of the complex treatment of such pathologies also includes other means. Their choice depends on the cause of the pain. For example, in the case of joint pathologies, chondroprotectors are prescribed to restore cartilage tissue. Antidepressants help relieve fibromyalgia.
Muscle relaxants are often used to reduce muscle spasms that may increase or cause pain. To restore blood circulation and nerve conduction, multivitamin preparations are needed, especially those containing B vitamins. Drugs that improve peripheral circulation and accelerate tissue regenerationalso effective.
Often due to such pain, the mobility of the limbs decreases, the muscles weaken, the joints lose their elasticity. To restore the functions of the hands and feet, massage exercises and physiotherapy are applied. They help restore normal muscle tone, improving joint mobility. And strengthening the muscle corset allows you to avoid such problems in the future.
Pain in the hands and feet is rarely a serious illness, they often occur with overwork. But such aches and pains can indicate the development of certain diseases that, if left untreated, lead to complications. Therefore, do not ignore pain that lasts more than a week. It is best to consult a doctor, who will help determine the cause and prescribe treatment.