What is cervical fibroids, is it dangerous and how to treat it?

The appearance of discomfort in the neck, shoulders, nape and thoracic spine are the first signs of degenerative cervical vertebrae. In this case, first of all, a feeling of discomfort arises naturally. in the neck. The rest of the symptoms will vary greatly, depending on the stage of the disease.

So with cervical bone necrosis, the main symptoms are:

  • Back fatigue, intermittent or persistent.
  • Visible pain or fatigue. Cervicobrachiolgia - severe pain in the neck - against the background of cervical necrosis.
  • Stiffens the amplitude of motor rotation and upper limb rotation, as well as limiting head rotation.
  • Numbness of the extremities and different areas of the back - variation in sensitivity occurs.
  • A numb face.
  • Dizziness and pain.
  • Increased fatigue.
  • Low blood pressure in shoulder muscles.

The different symptoms of necrosis of the cervix are dependent on the individual characteristics of the body and the severity of the disease. Therefore, the symptoms are broader and more varied manifested in 3 stages of bone necrosis.


Dizziness occurs when the head is turned vigorously or after sleeping. This can be accompanied by dark circles under the eyes, ringing in the ears and shaking of the body.

This is caused by inflammation of the muscles adjacent to the deformed vertebrae. The muscles often contract. This causes decreased access to oxygen to the brain, thus causing a disorientation.

Spinal cord failure (VBI) also occurs against the background of cervical necrosis, which is accompanied by persistent changes in brain work. This is due to the fact that not all parts of the brain are irrigated with oxygen and nutrients equally. And osteonecrosis can also lead to compression of the vertebral artery, resulting from excess pressure of the vertebra on the artery. This condition causes the following symptoms: disorientation, dizziness, burning pain, etc. v.


This symptom is also caused by decreased blood flow to the brain and spinal cord. The compressed arteries, due to movement of the vertebrae, reduce oxygen in the blood. This causes individual soft tissue areas to be damaged. The peculiarity of this type of pain is that it may not go away even after taking strong pain relievers.

Noise, feeling of stuffy ears, dizziness, and other abnormal ear conditions - these and other symptoms are the result of cervical necrosis. They do not self-repair. They can only be eliminated by eliminating the root cause of their appearance. - clamping and destructive processes in the neck.

Lack of air

Degenerative changes in the cervical spine also cause:

  • Heavy weight in chest.
  • Feeling crushed.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Lack of air.

Bone tumors and scoliosis, complement each other, tighten and squeeze nerve roots. This causes reflex muscle spasms in the back and neck. So the early stage of osteonecrosis, which only begins to entail scoliosis, causes a feeling of lack of air, only as a cornerstone of the inner.

As the disease progresses, the organs inside the chest become affected - this is how heart failure develops. And a part of the muscles in the head are also numb, numb the face with necrosis of the neck bone.


Nausea attacks often visit patients in the morning. At first, these symptoms were infrequent and did not last long. But if the disease is left untreated and when chronic osteonecrosis occurs, morning sickness will become frequent and seizures will increase.

The main thing in this case is to refuse to sleep on a tall pillow.

Vision problem

This symptom only appears after the disease has turned more serious (stage two and three). Due to the continuous development of the pathology, thereby affecting the brain and nervous system, can be completely affected. different lobes of the hemispheres. Therefore, this may affect the quality of transmission and processing of signals coming from the eyeballs to certain parts of the brain.


  • Dual eyes.
  • Reduced vision.
  • Black or black spots and flies hover in front of eyes.
  • With vision, the ear can become blocked with cervical bone necrosis - a phenomenon that is associated with changes in vessels.

Symptoms of degenerative cervical spondylosis are also manifested by high blood pressure when ridge formation and vertebral cell syndrome are formed. If you remove the high pressure, whatever the reason it is, then a condition occurs in which the blood flow in the vertebral artery decreases. This phenomenon contributes to the development of cerebral hypoxia.

This, in turn, leads to:

  • Double look.
  • Confusion of consciousness.
  • Dizziness.
  • Sleepy.
  • Fatigue.
  • Coma and weakness.

To distinguish fainting from other diseases than fainting in cervical osteoporosis, you should pay attention:

  1. Pain is sudden.
  2. Confusion appeared quickly, but it quickly disappeared.

It is very important to take into account the fact that cervical bone necrosis can lead to stroke. But this effect is indirect, because it is not caused by the osteoporosis itself, but by the changes it entails.

Pharyngeal Symptoms

In the early stages of the disease, mild abnormalities in the form of sweating may not cause much anxiety. But here are the symptoms that occur with cervical necrosis in the future:

  • The sensation of a foreign body in the throat.
  • Dry, persistent, and itchy condition.
  • Difficult to swallow.

Since this symptom can be associated with other illnesses, you need to listen carefully to your body. After all, the throat symptoms of genital warts accompany other symptoms. While feeling particularly uncomfortable in the oropharynx, it is most likely a sign of another disease.

As a rule, temperature in cervical degenerative disease occurs due to the compression of nerves, the presence of bulging eyes, when the spine protrudes. These are the first symptoms of vertebral hernia.

The disc (IVD for short) is a central water-filled marrow nucleus and a strong, elastic film surrounding it. Upper and lower, the trunk of the vertebrae is adjacent to it.

disc structure

Penetration (and excretion) of substances and water into the disc occurs due to diffusion (direct filtration, and vice versa, the penetration of molecules into the disc and back) frombone tissue of the vertebra.

Gradual aging of the disc tissues leads to a slower absorption of the necessary substances and under the influence of stimulating factors (pressure, load) stops completely.

  • MTD takes height;
  • vertebral bodies move, squeezing nerve roots and begin to overgrow with bone spines, attempting to evenly distribute the growing pressure (degenerative vertebrae).

Over time, the ligaments involved in the liquefaction process, they become saturated with calcium when attached to the vertebrae and cause neck stiffness and stiffness.

As people continue to load the spine - actively move, sit in an uncomfortable position:

  • organs of the nearby vertebrae compressed more and more IVD;
  • this leads to the fact that the medullary nucleus (rather the rest of it) is pushed forward or backward (usually towards the anterior longitudinal ligament, since it is quite thin in the area of ​​the cervix).

This bulge is called a bulge (the disc has not been broken but only changes shape), it compresses the nearby tissues, leading to muscle tension, pain, and symptoms. another causes cervical bone necrosis.

Over time, the fibrous membrane of the disc remains ruptured and part of the core of the marrow compresses the tissue (this rupture is called a hernia).

At this stage (this is stage 4), all the acute symptoms of the disease may subside (a small portion of the nucleus is absorbed or covered with calcium and no longer stimulates the impulsive tissuesround), or vice versa, leads to the development of brain ischemic stroke (oxygen starvation, starvation) and disability.

With cervical spinal tumors, all manifestations intensify in stages, the more changes there are in the disc, the stronger the symptoms of cervical spondylosis.

At an early stage, a person may experience tension disorder in the neck and shoulders, so they quickly get tired. Then, the main sign of the pathology appears - pain spreading to the back of the head, shoulders, arms, chest, which may be obscured by toothache. A person begins to experience dizziness, impaired concentration of attention, impaired vision and hearing, which impair their quality of life and adversely affect their ability to work.

cervical bone necrosis

Gradually, symptoms develop and intensify - a person wakes up with a stiff sensation in the spine, during periods of paroxysmal, any sudden movements (e. g. sneezingor hitting the heel to the floor) causes cutting pain in the neck and along the affected person, making it difficult to raise your hand or hold an object in your fingers.

At night, the heart rate may increase or a feeling of anxiety and lack of air develops - the patient cannot breathe deeply, because of the pain, the person cannot move, turn the neck or raise the arms.

Symptomatically, osteonecrosis in men is almost no different from osteonecrosis in women (they are more worried about headaches).

Stage 1 (degree)

Discs lose elasticity and sag.

At this stage, when necrosis of the spine of the neck, tension, rapid fatigue, muscle fatigue and neck pain appear.

Causes of bone necrosis

In fact, the insidiousness of cervical necrosis is that it can develop over time without any outward signs. And then, at the same time sharp pain and discomfort appeared.

Among the causes of necrosis of the cervical spine, leading to degeneration of cartilage and bone tissue are:

  • Incorrect load distribution when carrying bags.
  • Incorrect sitting position.
  • Sleeping place is too soft, causing the spine to bend in an unnatural position.
  • Incorrect pillows, often too high, making the head posture unnatural compared to the body.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Age-related changes in degenerative cartilage alteration.
  • Stress and nervous - emotional tension.
  • Metabolic disorders.
  • Harmful working conditions, such as working on a vibrating platform.
  • Heredity and genetic predisposition.
  • When, with the active development of the body, there is a violation of the posture, that is, the formation of a scoliosis.
  • Shoes are uncomfortable, especially if they have high heels.
  • The body becomes chronically dehydrated, leading to a decrease in water-salt metabolism.
  • Poor nutrition in vitamins and micronutrients.
  • Smoking and other bad habits.
  • Pregnant.

The main causes of osteonecrosis are:

  1. does not have proper nutrition and weight gain, causing stress on the spine;
  2. scoliosis curvature, incorrect body position, muscle weakness, foot defects;
  3. decreased motivation, lack of physical activity;
  4. trauma to the spine of the neck and spine;
  5. excessive physical activity for the body;
  6. stressful atmosphere at work and at home;
  7. pathological development of the cervical spine;
  8. transmits a genetic disease.

Due to the above reasons, a great load on the cervical vertebrae causes muscle spasms in the future. As a result, circulatory disturbances occur, metabolism slows down, and the structure of the intervertebral discs changes. They read to protrude out of the spine, become thinner and change their shape.

Bone necrosis occurs often due to progressive disc degeneration spreading to the neighboring vertebrae. The disc manifests itself after prolonged exertion, in which the cervical and lumbar areas are more related to the chest, but not the chest.

Considering the causes of bone necrosis, it should be noted that disorders are based on the natural aging of disc tissues.

  1. Genetic disposition.
  2. Birth defect in development of the cervical spine (first cervical vertebral body malformation).
  3. Damage and surgery.
  4. Excessive movement of the cervical spine (eg, during sports exercise).
  5. Lack of physical activity (sedentary).
  6. Poor posture (hunched over).
  7. Age.
  8. Nervous tension.
  9. Hypothermia.

Factors influencing the onset and development of cervical vertebral necrosis:

  • Heavy weight.
  • Sitting at work, lack of movement.
  • Previous spinal injury.
  • Mental disorder, nervous tension, stress.
  • Poor stamina.
  • Curvature of the spine, scoliosis, wrong posture.
  • Incorrect body position has become a habit.
  • Neck and back stress due to work.
  • Genetic disposition.
  • Unusual physical stress on the body, increasing activity.
  • Violating the rules of a healthy diet.

The canal of the cervix increases tension, which the neck muscles try to balance, under the influence of the above factors. Muscle spasms, blood circulation of the body is disturbed. Appearance of anatomical lesions.

The complete list of causes of bone necrosis is enormous. It is composed of both individual elements and their combinations, causing displacement of the disc. But often, bone necrosis develops due to the following reasons:

  • Hereditary - if one of the parents has osteonecrosis then the person is at risk, since the structure of the disc cartilage is often inherited;
  • works hard, the load exceeds the permissible hygiene standards for the workers;
  • keeping the same position for a long time can also be an important factor. Usually, bone necrosis disease is diagnosed in sedentary occupants;
  • various back diseases leading to scoliosis curvature;
  • avitaminosis and hypovitaminosis;
  • back injury;
  • infectious diseases;
  • birth defects of the spine, resulting in rapid disc erasure;
  • natural aging of the body;
  • obesity;
  • constant stress;
  • hypothermia.

Diseases that affect people from old to young are at risk. Among the main causes of the onset of the disease are:

  1. Abnormal physical activity and their incorrect distribution on the spine. Typical for amateur and professional sports activities, hard manual labor.
  2. Sedentary lifestyle and sedentary work. It also involves uneven pressure on the spine and the muscles that form around it. For people with sedentary lifestyles, excess muscle tension in the neck area.
  3. Injuries to the spine and neck. In most cases, they lead to rapidly destructive dystrophic changes in the cartilage and bone tissues of the spine.
  4. Spine defects, trauma to the baby. Often accompanied by additional uneven loads, so in most cases they also lead to the development of cervical bone necrosis.
  5. Salt deposition, and high blood and lymph salt concentrations. Occurs with a sedentary lifestyle with slowed blood circulation. As a result, salts are getting worse and worse in soft tissues, contributing to their deposition in the spine and further tissue degradation.
  6. Disrupts metabolism. In such cases, the balance of minerals in hard and soft tissues is disturbed, and the vertebrae and disc become fragile and vulnerable. As a result, destructive changes occur in areas of the spine, subject to greatest pressure.
  7. Poor posture, scoliosis, scoliosis and curvature. For these spinal diseases, accompanied by curvature of the spine, uneven pressure is exerted on the vertebrae and disc, contributing to destruction.

With a healthy lifestyle and timely medical care, listed causes can be eliminated and the likelihood of cervical osteonecrosis, long and difficult treatment, will be reducedminimal. But in the presence of risk factors, this probability can be increased several times. Among the other prerequisites for the disease are:

  • a genetic predisposition for diseases of the spine;
  • obesity and significant weight gain;
  • frequent shock and nervous tension;
  • poor quality and unbalanced nutrition;
  • muscle weakness in the neck and back;
  • hormonal disorders, endocrine pathology.

In the early stages of the progression of osteonecrosis of the cervical spine, symptoms and treatment are simplified. Correction and elimination of risk factors significantly reduces the likelihood of an early onset of illness, while also reducing the symptoms of the first manifestations of the disease.

Symptoms and Signs of Disease

  • numb tongue;
  • lies while turning;
  • hearing loss;
  • decreased vision;
  • optical effects, "fly" before the eyes;
  • nausea and vomiting;
  • neurological changes (irritability and hyperstimulation, insomnia, angry flare-ups, depression);
  • fainted;
  • tingling in the upper extremities and neck (mainly during sleep);
  • feeling unstable.

For men and women with tarsal necrosis, the symptoms and treatment are identical. In addition, it is rare that concomitant cardiovascular diseases occur, causing hypertension to occur. In a few cases the manifestations are misdiagnosed and symptomatic treatment and antihypertensive therapy are performed.


Treatment of cervical fibroids can be carried out on the basis of conservative (medicinal and non-medicinal) and radical (surgical) approaches. The reason for using only cautious measures (usually both together) may be the first degree of progression of cervical bone necrosis.

In the later stages of the disease, surgical intervention is required with the removal of growing tumors (if any), posture restoration and prosthetic fitting. After surgery, the patient is shown a rehabilitation period.

In most cases, the treatments are combined. With cervical spinal necrosis, symptoms and treatment require an integrated approach to achieve lasting results.

The use of drugs includes therapy, because the drug has a strong symptomatic treatment effect but does not completely eliminate the disease. During the treatment is used:

  1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. They help reduce inflammation and swelling of soft tissues, as well as reduce the severity of pain caused by pinching the nerve roots of the vertebrae. In the early stages of the cervix, OsteoporosisSAIDs are often used in the form of gels and ointments, and severe pain is reduced by pills. In difficult situations, an injection of pain medicine may be given.
  2. Muscle relaxants. The main purpose of the fund is to reduce muscle tension and spasm in the neck. As a result, blood supply and oxygen supply are restored, the severity of the pain syndrome is reduced and one of the reasons is eliminated the occurrence of bone necrosis of the cervical spine.
  3. Chondroprotectors. They are not direct drugs, but they significantly improve the condition of the cartilage tissue. Accelerates the regeneration of the discs and reinforces them. Used during therapy and recovery after surgery. The effects of chondroprotectors were felt six months after admission and persisted with systemic use.
  4. Vasodilators. Improve blood circulation and blood supply, dilate blood vessels, improve overall health and help regulate blood pressure. They are used in the form of injections.
  5. Sedative. Helps reduce stress as a risk factor. For severe, persistent disorders, antidepressants can be used.
  6. Anti-inflammatory steroid drug. Used in short courses in cases where NSAIDs fail to deliver the desired effect. It is forbidden to use long-term glucocorticosteroids due to side effects in the form of immunosuppression, impaired condition of internal organs, bones, joints.
  7. Blocking the spinal segment. They are used in emergency situations for the quick relief of intense pain syndrome. The injections are placed directly into the affected area. The analgesic effect lasts for several hours.
  8. Vitamins. They help restore metabolic processes in nerve tissues. Vitamin-rich foods are also included in the recovery diet.

Drug therapy is almost never indicated as the primary and / or sole treatment. Drug therapy is combined with exercise therapy and physical therapy, diet.

The main indication of surgical intervention is narrowing of the lumen of the spine, often as a result of a bulging eye or a hernia. The phenomenon is often accompanied by narrowing, pinched nerve endings and vessels. In such situations, symptoms of necrosis of the cervix are very pronounced, and surgical treatment becomes an essential remedy.

The selection of surgical intervention as a treatment for cervical fibroids is done on an individual basis. Surgery may be ordered in the absence of positive effects from conservative therapy, performed six to eight months prior.

Surgical methods used to treat necrosis of the cervical spine:

  1. Dynamic stability of the spine. It involves installing a stabilizer made of high-strength silicone that reallocates pressure on the spine. The implant is inserted between spiny processes along the back side.
  2. Fusion of the spine. It involves removing damaged cartilage discs with a subsequent replacement with an implant. At the same time, motor capacity of the back, neck and individual vertebrae is restored and saved.
  3. Laser surgery. During operation, the laser beam is directed at the core of the disc, then the amount of convexity is reduced. This treatment is effective in cases where the size of the hernia mass is not more than six mm.